Get to know Pharmacology: The Science of All Things Related to Medicine

The world of health is currently starting to be in demand by many people. This is because in the future the number of people will increase. Of course, the facilities also need to be improved, including in the pharmaceutical world. Now we can see that now many people are starting to look for Universiti Farmasi Terbaik di Malaysia.

Pharmacology???

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Pharmacy is one of the links in the health sector, especially in Malaysia. Pharmacies, drug stores, hospitals and the pharmaceutical industry are business fields related to pharmacy. The same characteristic that is inherent in all business fields in this pharmaceutical group is that there is an element of service/service that is inherent and cannot be separated from the products it sells. Pharmacology is the science that studies drugs and their effects on living things. This term comes from the Greek, Pharmakos which means medicine, and Logos which means knowledge. The history of pharmacology in the ancient period begins before 1700, marked by empirical observations made by humans on the use of drugs. This history is recorded in the Materia Medika compiled by Dioscorides. The basics of pharmacology will study the history of drug development, drug aspects, drug mechanisms, basic pharmacology terms, various drug preparations and drug administration methods.

Pharmacology Branch

Pharmacology can be divided into several branches. Each of them has a different point of view in looking at the relationship between drug use in living things. Along with existing developments, the following branches exist in pharmacology:

Pharmacognosy

It is a branch of pharmacy that studies drugs derived from plants, minerals, and animals. Examples of research results produced from this branch of science include the use of ginko biloba as a memory booster, garlic as an anticholesterol, tincture of hyperici as an antidepressant, and feverfew extract as a migraine prevention.

Biopharmaceutical

Biopharmaceutical science studies the forms of drugs that are most effectively absorbed by the body so that they can have a healing effect. Not all diseases can be cured with powder or tablet medicine. Some of them can only be cured by ointments, drops, or even syrups. Some types of drugs can also only be stored in capsule form so that they can be absorbed properly by the body. Meanwhile, other types of drugs will not be effective if given in the form of ointments. So this branch of science discusses the form of medicine and the type of active ingredient that is most effective for curing a disease.

Pharmacokinetics

Meanwhile, pharmacokinetics studies the body’s reaction to receiving drugs. The reaction in question is a matter of How the body absorbs drugs (absorption), The way the body distributes the drug to the organs that need it (distribution),     How the body processes incoming drugs (metabolism), The way the body removes the remains of medicinal substances that have been processed (excretion)

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Toxicology

Toxicology is the study of the toxic effects of drugs on the body. This branch of science is actually closely related to pharmacodynamics, because the therapeutic effects of drugs cannot be separated from their toxic effects.

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